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ECO-CHARLESTOWN

Environmental Actions, Activities, and Information at Charlestown Retirement Community

ECO-CHARLESTOWN TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
A. Introduction 5
B. Background: Natural History of the Charlestown Area 5
1. Location on the Fall Line 5
2. Geology and Soils 5
3. Watershed 6
4. Area Land Use Patterns 6
5. Climate and Weather 6
6. Wind, Air, and Noise 6
7. Eastern Deciduous Forest Biome 7
8. Our Three Ecosystems 7
a. Main Campus 7
b. Lake Charles Area 7
c. Native Forest Habitat 7
C. Background: Development of Charlestown 8
1. Historical Construction and Conservation 8
2. Developmental History 8
3. Utilities as Background 9
a. Power 9
b. Water 9
c. Sewage Disposal 9
d. Storm Drainage 9
e. Solid Waste Disposal 9
4. Compliance with Federal, State, and County Requirements 10
D. The Outdoor Environment 10
1. Charlestown's Watershed and Stormwater Management 10
a. Protection of the Chesapeake Bay 10
b. Herbert Run 10
c. Lake Charles 11
d. "Wetlands" Management 11
e. Snow and Ice Removal 11
2. Vegetation Management 11
a. Trees 11
(1) The Benefits of Trees 11
(2) The Trees of Charlestown 11
(3) The Tree Working Group 12
(4) Maintenance of Trees 12
(5) Removal of Trees 12
(6) Reforestation 13
b. Ornamental Shrubs and Flowers 13
c. Turf, and Ground Covers 13
d. "Green" Roofs 13
e. Invasive Plants 14
f. Composting and Wood Chips 15
3. Animal Management 15
a. Protected species 15
b. Mammals 15
c. Birds 16
d. Reptiles and Amphibians 16
e. Animal and Insect Pests 16
(1) Feral Cats 16
(2) Rodents 16
(3) Insects 16
f. Pets 16
4. Resident Activity Areas 17
a. Lake Charles 17
b. Trails 17
(1) The Nature Trail 17
(2) The Lake Trail 17
(3) The Old Stone Bridge Trail 17
(4) The Short Line Trail (adjacent to campus) 17
c. Special Gardens 17
(1) The Community Garden 18
(2) The Butterfly Garden 18
(3) The Rock Garden 18
(4) The Wildflower Garden 18
d. Other Special Areas 18
(1) Memory Walk 18
(2) Softball Field 18
(3) Putting Green 18
(4) Picnic Area 19
(5) Bocce Ball Court 19
(6) Shuffleboard Court 19
(7) Dog Parks 19
E. The Indoor Environment 19
1. Educational Programs 19
2. Elevated Walkways 19
3. Energy Conservation 20
4. Water Conservation 20
5. Reuse Programs 20
6. Recycling Programs 21
7. Other Waste Management 21
8. Potentially Hazardous Substances 21
9. Campus No Smoking Policy 22
F. Community Cooperation 22
APPENDICES
1. The Benefits of Trees
2. The Trees of Charlestown
3. The Mammals of Charlestown
4. The Birds of Charlestown
MAP OF CHARLESTOWN